Functional Dyspepsia (FD)
Functional dyspepsia (FD) is defined as chronic upper, centered abdominal
discomfort or pain excluding the predominant symptom, heartburn. Associated
symptoms are early satiety, nausea, vomiting, abdominal distension, bloating,
and anorexia. For many years motor (movement) abnormalities in the stomach have
been investigated and thought to be the cause of FD. As usual, psychosomatic
theories are popular and patients are often prescribed tranquilizers or
antidepressants. Stress and anxiety are linked to motility problems and
inadequate theories of FD (and IBS) were formulated.
FD sufferers respond poorly to common drug therapies and the majority have episodic symptoms that reduce the quality of life and result in
increased use of medical resources.
Since FD is a rather vague diagnosis, symptoms often overlap with peptic
ulcers, esophagitis and irritable bowel syndrome. It is easy to confuse acid
reflux into the esophagus (GERD) with FD. Most gastroenterologists will not
classify heartburn as “dyspepsia.” If esophagitis is present, FD cannot be
diagnosed. By strict definition, patients with FD have undergone upper
intestinal endoscopy that has revealed no lesions that can explain symptoms.
Investigation may include testing and possibly treatment for Helicobacter
pylori. If infection is present, antisecretory therapy with H2-receptor
antagonists or proton-pump inhibitors can be tried but these therapies are often
not effective. One has to recall that H Pylori is often found in asymptomatic
patients and their presence does not automatically mean that they are the cause
Here are the basic principles:
- Digestive disorders are common diseases that originate in the food supply.
Diet revision should be primary therapy. The solution is to adjust the incoming
food supply until the problem is resolved.
- The gastrointestinal tract is a sensing, reactive device which monitors the
material flowing through it. Symptoms arising from this system provide
information about its dysfunction. Seven basic symptoms alert the patient to
gastrointestinal tract displeasure with food choices - nausea, heartburn,
vomiting, bloating, pain, constipation and diarrhea.
- Further down in the stomach, a surface reaction results in upper-middle
abdominal pain and nausea; sometimes nausea and even vomiting are triggered.
These are defensive responses that reject the offending food and usually
relieves pain and other discomforts. Some patients induce vomiting to avoid
discomforts after eating.
- Recurrent irritation in the upper GIT is food-caused until proven otherwise.
Obviously smoking, drinking alcoholic beverages, coffee and teas are the first
problems to eliminate, but surface "allergy" to common, "normal" foods may also
- Symptoms from the upper digestive tract are often associated with lower
abdominal pain, bloating, constipation and diarrhea. A trial of diet revision
can provide prompt relief. If the clearing diet is unsuccessful, further
investigation is always required.
Self-therapy of milder symptoms - dyspepsia and early ulcer-like symptoms
consists of retreating to Alpha Nutrition Phase 1 foods, using brown rice
instead of white rice. Phase 1 of the Alpha Nutrition Program should be sustained for 2 weeks or until all
symptoms are gone and then food is reintroduced using the medium track. Foods
from Phases 2 and 3 are slowly reintroduced next. If adequate diet
revision does not resolve symptoms promptly and/or prevent recurrent gastritis
or ulcers, you need further medical assessment and treatment.
- This website features topics from the book, Digestive Disorders by Stephen Gislason MD
Print and eBook versions are available. 178 Pages.
The book discusses food-related digestive tracts diseases and common disorders
such as food allergy, inflammatory bowel disease, irritable bowel syndrome,
chronic diarrhea, liver diseases, foodborne infection and motility disorders.
Nutritional concerns with digestive disease are discussed and case histories
illustrate problems and their solution. The solution is found in the Alpha
Nutrition Program, a standard method of diet revision. There are many conditions
that improve with diet revision. Elemental nutrient formulas are recommended for
serious digestive disease.
- The latest edition is available as an eBook for download.
Nutrient Formulas and Printed books are shipped from Alpha Online to all destinations in Canada and USA. Prices are listed in Canadian dollars.
Disorders Rescue Help in understanding and managing the most common digestive tract
disorders: Crohn's Disease, Ulcerative Colitis, Irritable Bowel Syndrome,
Functional Dyspepsia, GERD, constipation, diarrhea and abdominal pain. The
starter pack includes one 500 gram jar of
Alpha ENF, the Alpha Nutrition Program, and the book Food & Digestive Disorders.
Three steps to solving a digestive problem
- 1 You stop ingesting the problem foods and beverages.
- 2 You eat safe foods and pure nutrients until you clear symptoms.
- 3 Reintroduce more of the best, nourishing, low-risk foods
Order Digestive Disorders Rescue
If you are not ready for the starter pack, Order Books Separately.
Click the book title in the center column of the
table to read topics from the books. Click the Add to Cart button on the
left to begin your order for printed books for mail delivery to Canada and the USA from Alpha Online. Click the
Download button to order and download PDF files.
All Alpha Nutrition formulas, books, eBooks and Starter packs are ordered
online. We ship through the Post Office to all destinations in Canada and the
USA. Prices are listed in Canadian Dollars.
US $ prices are lower depending on the dollar exchange rate.
Alpha Nutrition ® is a registered trademark and a division of
Environmed Research Inc., Sechelt, British Columbia, Canada. In business since 1984. Online since 1995.